Framework: Green Mapping

http://www.nature.is/greenmap/island/

http://www.nature.is/greenmap/reykjavik/#maparea

http://www.greenmap.org/greenhouse/en/maps

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Street Grid: 5 Towns

Click on image to view full size.

These images show the scale, street grid, and density of the 5 towns of interest that I will visit. With the exception of reykjalid, which is little more than a cluster of tourist accomodations, the street grid density is similar despite the variation in town size. The sections show that overall, the density of towns is low compared to other small european cities.

Site Selection and Settlement Patterns

The Founding of Reykjavik

Supposedly, Ingolfur Arnarson, the founder of Reykjavik decided the location for the first settlement by using a traditional Viking method. He dropped his high seat pillar into the ocean when he saw the coastline and settled where the pillars came to shore (wikipedia). However, given the longevity of the settlement since 973 A.D., there must have been more strategic decisions that played a role.